Equity markets ended higher last week after a slew of strong economic data releases. The Russell 2000 was up 1.75% and led the markets. The S&P 500 and NASDAQ Composite rose 1.07% and 0.94% respectively. US Treasury yields had a quiet week, but the entire curve still remains above 4%. Elsewhere, oil prices were higher on cold weather disruptions, optimistic demand, and continued Middle East tensions. Additionally, Chinese equities tried to bounce after authorities announced measures to cut the reserve requirement by 50 bps and release $139.8B in long-term capital to help support the stock markets.1
The week started quietly on Monday. The S&P 500 crept towards new highs and marked its first new record high in over 500 trading days, the sixth-longest streak in history. Small caps led the session with the Russell 2000 jumping more than 2%. While 2024 has been led by the Magnificent Seven and Big Tech, market gains are starting to broaden to other sectors.
With no real directional drivers, markets continued their upward trend on Tuesday. The NASDAQ and S&P 500 closed near session highs. Corporate earnings have generally been strong and in line with estimates, but reactions have varied wildly. Verizon Communications (VZ) gapped up after reporting subscriber additions above expectations.2 Homebuilders fell broadly after D.R. Horton (DHI) reported its first earnings gain in five quarters but missed estimates.3 The company noted that material costs have fallen, but the labor market remains tight and expensive.3
Though the major indices notched their fifth straight day of gains on Wednesday, equity markets ended the day near their lows. January flash Manufacturing PMI came in at 50.3, beating consensus of 47.9 and returned to expansionary territory on improved order inflows.4 January flash Services PMI was 52.9, beating estimates of 51.4 as output growth was driven by more robust demand conditions.4
Equity markets finished higher on Thursday near session highs. Markets gapped up at the open after reports that Q4 GDP grew 3.3%, beating estimates of 2%.5 The US economy grew 2.5% in 2023 powered by strong consumer and government spending.5 Initial jobless claims increased to 214K, above estimates of 200K.6 Recent macro data largely supports the soft-landing narrative, showing continued growth driven by a resilient consumer with diminishing inflation pressures.
On Friday, equity markets ended the quiet session mixed. The S&P 500 and NASDAQ broke their six-day streak of gains but were still higher for the week. December core PCE came in at 0.2% month on month, in line with expectations. Annualized core PCE was 2.9%, the lowest level since March 2021. Despite the strong macro data, probabilities of a March rate cut remain roughly 50-50.
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